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The first weather observations held in the Archives start at Port Louis on 10 October 1838 and are log entries by the naval officer in charge such as “Fresh breezes with Snow Storms”. By the 24th the wind direction was also recorded.  From 22 October 1839 the thermometer reading at noon was also entered.  These ship’s logs were kept until Saturday 22 January 1842 when Lieutenant Governor Moody officially landed under a salute from HMK Sparrow.

Captain Sir James Clark Ross kept a comprehensive meteorological journal on board HMS Erebus and from 6 April until 8 September 1842 these were taken at Port Louis.  These are available in pages 428-438 in his 1847 book “Voyage to the Southern Seas”.

With the arrival of a barometer and two thermometers observations were taken at Cape Pembroke Lighthouse, Stanley from 1859 with occasional intervals but were unreliable. With the visit of the Scotia in January 1903 record keeping by lighthouse keepers improved.  Mr Mossman, the meteorologist of the Scotia also set up a sunshine recorder at Stanley under the supervision of the Governor.Mr Cobbs anemometer and thermometer stand Blake Album JCNA

Mr Cobb’s thermometer and his anemometer stand

The Colonial Manager of the Falkland Islands Company Ltd, Frederick Cobb, set up a good weather station in Stanley in 1874 and continued until December 1883.

As part of the terms of their licenses the whaling companies operating in South Georgia were required to make simple meteorological observations and up to World War II the station at Grytviken transmitted synoptic observations to Uruguay. Bases were maintained in the Falkland Islands Dependencies from 1944 and meteorologists were attached to all of the bases.

From 1950 meteorological services in the Falkland Islands and the Dependencies were coordinated into a unified service.


pdfThe Climate and Weather of the Falkland Islands - C E P Brooks 1919.pdf(711.18 KB)

pdfFIDS Meteorological Service - Annual Report and Tables - 1950 to 1953.pdf(12.51 MB)

pdfFIDS Meteorological Service - Annual Report and Tables - 1954 to 1955.pdf(12.4 MB)

pdfFIDS Meteorological Service - Annual Report and Tables - 1956 to 1957.pdf(15.15 MB)

pdfFIDS Meteorological Service - Annual Report and Tables - 1958 to 1959.pdf(13.09 MB)

pdfFIDS Meteorological Service - Annual Report and Tables - 1960 to 1961.pdf(6.02 MB)

pdfBritish Antarctic Meteorological Service - Annual Meteorological Tables - 1963.pdf(2.51 MB)



While every effort has been taken to ensure accuracy the Jane Cameron National Archives does not accept responsibility for any errors or omissions in these records.

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